Oberon was proclaimed a village in 1863 and has grown to an estimated resident shire population of 5,077 at 30 June 2002, of whom around 2,700 live in the town.
Oberon has good shopping facilities with most goods and services available in the town. It has a number of restaurants, cafes and takeaways while visitors staying in self catering accommodation are well serviced by supermarkets, butchers and bakeries. Shops selling clothing, accessories, fishing gear, gifts, books and collectables may also interest the visitor. Most professional and trades services are available in Oberon. Visitor accommodation ranges through hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, self contained cottages, farmstay and caravan parks. There are also several camping grounds in the shire.
Prime lambs and beef cattle are the main rural industries. Brussel sprouts, broccoli, potatoes and peas are the main horticultural industries, although there is some diversification in this area. Tree nurseries, nut tree plantations, bulb farms, new ventures and experimental enterprises are developing. Timber processing by Carter Holt Harvey and Boral Timber is the major secondary industry, sourcing the raw material from large NSW State Forests radiata pine plantations and those of private forest growers. More information about Oberon is available at the visitoberon.com website.